Giải đề IELTS Writing Cambridge 17 Test 3 (full 2 tasks)

Cam 17 Test 3 Writing Task 1

The chart below gives information about how families in one country spent their weekly income in 1968 and in 2018.

Step 1: Analysing

  • bar chart, dynamic
  • tense: past simple
  • unit: %

Step 2: Paraphrasing

S = The percentage/ proportion of weekly income/ wage/ income a week which was paid for/ used for/ allocated for/ spent on/ expended on food / which families in this country used for food

In 1968, the percentage of wage which families in this country used for food was 35%

= 35% of weekly income of households in this nation was spent on food

= families in this country allocated more than a third of their weekly income for food

= The year 1968 witnessed/ recorded 35% of weekly income of families going on food

Step 3: Outline

Introduction

The bar chart shows the percentage of weekly income which was paid for eight categories by families in one country in two years: 1968 and 2018

Overview

  • food, fuel and power, clothing and footware, personal goods : decrease; housing, transport and leisure: increase, and the rest (household goods) the unique category whose figure stayed static
  • in 1968: food highest WHILE after 50 years, leisure

Body 1 → In 1968,

  • food highest (35%)
  • housing = clothing and footware (10%), and similarly, spending on leisure, transport, personal goods, and household goods was relatively the same (around 8%)
  • a minority of weekly income was used for fuel and power

Body 2 → in 2018

  • leisure: increased nearly threefold and became highest. Also, transport and housing: climbed to …
  • Food, crashed/ halved, compared with a much less significant drop in expenditures on … to 5% or under
  • The unique category whose spending showed no change was household goods

Step 4: Write an essay

The bar chart illustrates the distribution of weekly income among families in a specific country in two distinct years: 1968 and 2018.

Overall, there was a notable increase in expenditures related to leisure, transport and housing and a decrease in other categories, barring household goods which stayed static. The highest families’ spending in 1968 went on food while the top belonged to expenditure for leisure in 2018.

In 1968, the predominant expenditure for families was on food, constituting 35% of their weekly income, followed by housing, and clothing and footwear, each accounting for around 10%. Leisure, transport, personal goods, and household goods all shared a similar proportion, approximately 8%, while fuel and power represented a minority expenditure at about 7%.

From that juncture to 2018, a noteworthy shift in spending patterns is evident. The highest allocation of families’ income in this year was directed towards leisure, reaching a peak of 23%. Additionally, families devoted larger portions of their weekly income to housing (18%) and transport (14%). In contrast, spending on food witnessed a significant decline, halving from its 1968 figure. Meanwhile, expenses on fuel and power, clothing and footwear, and personal goods experienced modest drops of 5% or less. The only category to remain constant was household goods, maintaining a consistent share of 7%.

Written by IELTS Thanh Loan

Gợi ý sách liên quan

Giải đề thi thật IELTS Writing Task 1 & 2

 

Nếu bạn muốn tham khảo các bài mẫu IELTS Writing bám sát với đề thi thật nhất, thuộc những chủ đề thường được hỏi trong IELTS Writing Task 2, sở hữu cuốn này chính là sự lựa chọn tuyệt vời.

 

Cam 17 Test 3 Writing Task 2

Some people believe that professionals, such as doctors and engineers, should be required to work in the country where they did their training. Others believe they should be free to work in another country if they wish.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

Step 1: Analysing

  • Topic: Work
  • Type: Discussion with opinion
  • Answer: agree with the second view

Step 2: Paraphrasing

  • professionals ~ white-collar workers ~ skilled/ well-educated/ experts/ specialists
  • be required to – be obliged to do ST ~ be compulsory ~ be obligatory ~ have to…
  • work in the country where they did their training ~maintain their employment in the country whose education they benefit from ~ keep working in the nation where they are trained/educated
  • should be free ~ have freedom/ liberty to do ST ~ optional ~ under no restriction / no control

Step 3: Brainstorming

Introduction:

  • It is believed that well-educated workers should be obliged to work in the nation where they are trained while others hold an opinion that there should be freedom for them to choose their workplace. This essay will elaborate on these views and show/ express my agreement with the latter view.

BD1: Reasons for view 1

There are some reasons why well-educated workers should be obliged to work in the nation where they are trained

  • better for professionals

Explain: syllabus, lesson content is usually tailored based on circumstances, situations in their own countries → familiar with working environment, practices in the nation they study → adapt to/ acclimatize to working conditions faster/ at ease

  • owe a debt of money & gratitude → pay back / contribute the skills and knowledge to better that nation

BD2: Reasons for view 2

However, I believe that professionals should have right to work in any place they desire

  • liberty → a contributor to job satisfaction

Opposite: ….

  • In case a strict control of where to work is applied for professionals → impair the sharing of expertise/ culture

Eg: wish to study about hospitality in Switzerland but give up this dream if be forced to stay for year to work → homesickness, not desire to leave the fatherland permanently

Conclusion

While ….., I ….

Step 4: Write an essay

A common debate is whether specialists trained domestically in vocations including medicine and engineering are obliged to take on employment in their homeland or should have the discretion to choose an overseas role. This essay will first elaborate on the merits of each assessment, before explaining why I agree with the latter.

Supporters of in-demand professions having to work where their education was provided have several justifications. The first is that tertiary education is often subsidized by taxpayers. The cost of educating students is prohibitive, so if they do not receive government funding, only the wealthy will be able to graduate, limiting the opportunities for potentially brilliant talent. Therefore, alumni owe a duty to repay the society that assisted them. Furthermore, these professionals are likely to be more familiar with the unwritten cultural norms of the country, so can often achieve better outcomes for citizens.

Nevertheless, many believe it must be a professional’s choice as to their employment’s location. The most important consideration is they devote years of their lives to study, neglecting relationships and accruing debt. Allowing them to move overseas for higher income or a better lifestyle should be a reward for that sacrifice. For example, Indian doctors often move to Western nations because not only are the salaries significantly higher, but the natural environment is healthier for their families. In addition, it could be argued that all taxpayers receive benefits of some form or another and likewise have an obligation to their country, creating a potential roadblock to any migration.

To conclude, I believe both sides contain valid reasoning. However, in my opinion, if a country provides all citizens equal opportunities to be educated then there is no reason to limit anyone from freely making decisions about their career location. Moreover, I argue that migrants often contribute significantly to their homeland through financial remittances. Therefore, I suggest governments focus on creating the economic conditions that encourage in-demand professions to seek jobs locally.

Written by https://www.ieltsanswers.com/

Bài viết liên quan:

IELTS Thanh Loan – Trung tâm luyện thi IELTS cung cấp các khóa học IELTS Online, sách IELTS:

  • ĐT: 0974 824 724
  • Email: [email protected]
  • Địa chỉ: S103 Vinhomes Smart City, Tây Mỗ, Nam Từ Liêm, Hà Nội
HỌC IELTS ONLINE QUA ZOOM,
CÁCH HỌC HIỆU QUẢ CỦA NGƯỜI HIỆN ĐẠI
Để cô Thanh Loan giúp bạn đánh giá đầu vào chi tiết, xây dựng lộ trình học tập cá nhân hoá phù hợp với đầu vào và mục tiêu bạn mong muốn
0
    0
    GIỎ HÀNG
    Giỏ hàng trốngQuay lại
      Sử dụng