Giải đề IELTS Writing Cambridge 17 Test 3 (full 2 tasks)

Cam 17 Test 3 Writing Task 1

Writing Task 1
The chart below gives information about how families in one country spent their weekly income in 1968 and in 2018.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

The bar chart delineates the evolving distribution of weekly income among families in a specific country across two pivotal years: 1968 and 2018.

Overall, a discernible evolution in expenditure patterns is observed, with marked increases in leisure, transport, and housing expenses, juxtaposed against declines in other categories, save for household goods, which remained constant. Notably, food expenditure, which dominated in 1968, ceded its top position to leisure in 2018.

In 1968, food constituted the primary expenditure for families, comprising 35% of their weekly income, followed by housing and clothing/footwear, each comprising approximately 10%. Leisure, transport, personal goods, and household goods shared similar proportions, hovering around 8%, while fuel/power accounted for a marginal 7%.

Fast forward to 2018, and a noteworthy shift in spending dynamics becomes evident. Leisure emerged as the paramount expenditure category, commanding a peak share of 23%. Additionally, families allocated larger proportions of their income to housing (18%) and transport (14%). Conversely, food expenditure witnessed a substantial halving from its 1968 level. Meanwhile, expenditures on fuel/power, clothing/footwear, and personal goods experienced modest declines of 5% or less. Strikingly, household goods remained steadfast, maintaining a consistent 7% share.

Written by IELTS Thanh Loan

Từ vựng hay: 

1. Delineates:

  • English Meaning: To describe or portray something precisely.
  • Vietnamese Meaning: Mô tả, miêu tả.

2. Evolution:

  • English Meaning: The gradual development or change of something over time.
  • Vietnamese Meaning: Sự tiến hóa, sự phát triển.

3. Juxtaposed:

  • English Meaning: Placed close together or side by side for comparison or contrast.
  • Vietnamese Meaning: Đặt cạnh nhau, so sánh.

4. Marked:

  • English Meaning: Noticeable or significant.
  • Vietnamese Meaning: Đáng chú ý, đặc biệt.

5. Dominates:

  • English Meaning: To have a commanding position or influence over something.
  • Vietnamese Meaning: Chiếm ưu thế, thống trị.

6. Paramount:

  • English Meaning: Of supreme importance or significance.
  • Vietnamese Meaning: Quan trọng hơn hết, quan trọng nhất.

7. Commanding:

  • English Meaning: Having a dominant or authoritative position.
  • Vietnamese Meaning: Chiếm ưu thế, kiểm soát.

8. Halving:

  • English Meaning: Reducing something by half.
  • Vietnamese Meaning: Chia đôi, giảm một nửa.

9. Modest:

  • English Meaning: Relatively small in size, amount, or degree.
  • Vietnamese Meaning: Khiêm tốn, nhỏ, ít.

10. Steadfast:

  • English Meaning: Firmly fixed in place; unwavering in commitment or loyalty.
  • Vietnamese Meaning: Kiên định, vững vàng.

Cam 17 Test 3 Writing Task 2

Writing Task 2

Some people believe that professionals, such as doctors and engineers, should be required to work in the country where they did their training. Others believe they should be free to work in another country if they wish.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

A debate persists regarding whether professionals, particularly in fields like medicine and engineering, should be mandated to work in their home country or should have the liberty to seek opportunities abroad. This essay will explore both perspectives before advocating for the latter approach.

Advocates of the notion that professionals in high-demand fields must practice in the country where they received their education offer several justifications. Firstly, tertiary education is often subsidized by taxpayers, making it financially feasible for students to pursue higher education. Given the considerable investment made by society in their education, it is argued that graduates have a moral obligation to give back to the community that supported them. Moreover, these professionals are likely to possess a deeper understanding of the cultural nuances of their home country, which can lead to more effective outcomes for the population.

However, there is a contrasting viewpoint that professionals should have the autonomy to choose the location of their employment. It is argued that individuals dedicate years of their lives to academic study, often sacrificing personal relationships and accumulating significant debt in the process. Allowing them the freedom to seek opportunities abroad, where they may find higher salaries and a better quality of life, can be seen as a reward for their dedication and sacrifice. For instance, many Indian doctors relocate to Western countries where they can enjoy higher salaries and a healthier environment for their families. Additionally, it could be argued that taxpayers, who indirectly support education through various means, also have an obligation to their country, potentially posing a barrier to unrestricted migration.

In conclusion, while both viewpoints offer valid reasoning, individuals should have the autonomy to choose their career paths regardless of where they received their education. Additionally, migrants often contribute substantially to their home countries through financial remittances, highlighting the importance of creating economic conditions that encourage professionals to seek employment locally.

Từ vựng hay: 

  • Persist: (v.) Continue to exist or endure despite opposition.
    Vietnamese Meaning: Kiên trì, không ngừng tồn tại.
  • Mandated: (adj.) Required or ordered by authority.
    Vietnamese Meaning: Được yêu cầu, được mệnh lệnh.
  • Liberty: (n.) Freedom to choose or act without restriction.
    Vietnamese Meaning: Tự do, quyền tự do.
  • Advocate: (v.) Publicly support or recommend a particular cause or policy.
    Vietnamese Meaning: Ủng hộ, tán thành.
  • Notion: (n.) A belief or idea.
    Vietnamese Meaning: Ý kiến, quan niệm.
  • Tertiary: (adj.) Relating to education beyond secondary school, especially at the college or university level.
    Vietnamese Meaning: Bậc thứ ba, đại học.
  • Subsidized: (adj.) Supported financially by a subsidy.
    Vietnamese Meaning: Được bảo trợ, được trợ cấp.
  • Feasible: (adj.) Possible to do easily or conveniently.
    Vietnamese Meaning: Khả thi, có thể thực hiện được.
  • Considerable: (adj.) Large in size, amount, or extent.
    Vietnamese Meaning: Đáng kể, lớn.
  • Nuances: (n.) Subtle differences in or shades of meaning, expression, or sound.
    Vietnamese Meaning: Sắc thái, điều tinh tế.
  • Autonomy: (n.) The right or condition of self-government; independence.
    Vietnamese Meaning: Tự trị, tự do.
  • Dedicate: (v.) Devote (time, effort, or oneself) to a particular task or purpose.
    Vietnamese Meaning: Cống hiến, dành thời gian, công sức.
  • Accumulating: (v.) Gradually gather or acquire.
    Vietnamese Meaning: Tích lũy, chất đống.
  • Indirectly: (adv.) Not directly caused by or resulting from something.
    Vietnamese Meaning: Gián tiếp, không trực tiếp.
  • Highlighting: (v.) Draw attention to or emphasize something important.
    Vietnamese Meaning: Làm nổi bật, nhấn mạnh.
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