Từ vựng IELTS Writing & Speaking chủ đề HISTORY

Với bài viết này, IELTS Thanh Loan sẽ cùng các bạn tìm hiểu bộ từ vựng tiếng Anh chủ đề History cực kỳ chất lượng và đầy đủ. Hãy cùng tham khảo để biết cách vận dụng từ vựng chủ đề lịch sử vào bài thi IELTS nhé.

Những từ vựng liên quan đến lịch sử 

Lưu ý:
  • Với những danh từ (noun), động từ (verb) …. được chia sẻ trong bài viết này, bạn hoàn toàn có thể sử dụng trong cả Writing và Speaking 
  • Tuy nhiên, với những từ vựng mà mình lưu ý là thành ngữ (idiom) hoặc là từ vựng không trang trọng (informal) thì bạn chỉ sử dụng trong IELTS Speaking thôi nhé

1, Sovereignty  /ˈsɒv.rɪn.ti/ (noun)

  • Định nghĩa: the power of a country to control its own government
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: chủ quyền
  • Ví dụ: Talks are being held about who should have sovereignty over the island.

2, National identity (noun)

  • Định nghĩa: a person’s identity or sense of belonging to one or more states or one or more nations
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: bản sắc dân tộc
  • Ví dụ: Increased dependence upon the centre, as well as a heightened sense of the border contributed to the development of national identity.

3, Historical highlight (noun)

  • Định nghĩa: (such as an event or detail) that is of major significance or special interest.
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: sự kiện lịch sử nổi bật
  • Ví dụ: The town of Lojahas one of the most outstanding historical highlights in the area, the Alcazaba.

4, To delve into the history (verb phrase)

  • Định nghĩa: to deeply explore and study the historical events, details, and context of a particular period.
  • Meaning in Vietnamese: đào sâu vào lịch sử.
  • Example: The historian decided to delve into the history of ancient civilizations to uncover lesser-known facts and connections.

5, Victorious past (noun phrase)

  • Definition:  period in history marked by successful achievements and conquests.
  • Meaning in Vietnamese: quá khứ hào hùng
  • Example: The nation’s victorious past was filled with stories of brave warriors and significant triumphs.

6, Glorious victory (noun phrase)

  • Definition: a victory that is celebrated and regarded with pride and honor.
  • Meaning in Vietnamese: chiến thắng vẻ vang.
  • Example: The team’s glorious victory in the championship match was the culmination of their hard work and dedication.

7, World conflicts (noun phrase)

  • Definition: large-scale conflicts or disputes that involve multiple nations or regions.
  • Meaning in Vietnamese: xung đột thế giới.
  • Example: World-conflicts often arise due to complex geopolitical factors, including territorial disputes and ideological differences.

8, Political conflict (noun phrase)

  • Definition: a clash of interests, ideologies, or power struggles between different political entities.
  • Meaning in Vietnamese: xung đột chính trị.
  • Example: The political conflict between the two parties intensified as they disagreed on economic policies.

9, The war broke out 

  • Definition: the beginning of a war or armed conflict.
  • Meaning in Vietnamese: chiến tranh bùng nổ.
  • Example: The war broke out unexpectedly, catching the entire nation off guard.

10, Nuclear war (noun phrase)

  • Definition: a conflict in which nuclear weapons are used, resulting in catastrophic destruction.
  • Meaning in Vietnamese: chiến tranh hạt nhân.
  • Example: The fear of a nuclear war led to global efforts to promote disarmament and prevent the use of nuclear weapons.

11, Valuable tradition (noun phrase)

  • Definition: a cultural practice or custom that is considered important, meaningful, and worth preserving.
  • Meaning in Vietnamese: truyền thống quý báu.
  • Example: The community’s valuable tradition of storytelling passed down through generations helped maintain their cultural identity.

12, Democracy /dɪˈmɒk.rə.si/ (noun)

  • Định nghĩa: the belief in freedom and equality between people, or a system of government based on this belief, in which power is either held by elected representatives or directly by the people themselves
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: chế độ dân chủ
  • Ví dụ: The early 1990s saw the spread of democracy in Eastern Europe.

13, Ancestor  /ˈæn.ses.tər/ (noun)

  • Định nghĩa: a person related to you who lived a long time ago
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: tổ tiên
  • Ví dụ: There were portraits of his ancestors on the walls of the room.

14, Foreign invaders (noun phrase)

  • Definition: external forces or groups that invade and occupy a territory or region.
  • Meaning in Vietnamese: kẻ xâm lược
  • Example: Throughout history, various civilizations have had to defend their lands from foreign invaders seeking to expand their territories.

15, To resist /rɪˈzɪst/ (verb)

  • Định nghĩa: to fight against something or someone that is attacking you
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: kháng chiến
  • Ví dụ: The soldiers resisted (the enemy attacks) for two days.

16, Aristocracy /ˌær.ɪˈstɒk.rə.si/ (noun)

  • Định nghĩa: a class of people who hold high social rank
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: giới quý tộc trong xã hội
    Ví dụ: Those are all members of the aristocracy.

17, Lord /lɔːd/ (noun)

  • Định nghĩa: a man who has a lot of power in a particular area of activity
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: lãnh chúa, 1 quý tộc được vua ban cho chức tước và đất đai và có trách nhiệm cai quản 1 vùng đất riêng
  • Ví dụ: Several alleged drug lords are to be put on trial.

18, Territorial integrity /ˌter.ɪˈtɔː.ri.əl ɪnˈteɡ.rə.ti/ (noun phrase)

  • Definition: the principle of maintaining the borders and sovereignty of a nation or territory without external interference.
  • Meaning in Vietnamese: sự toàn vẹn lãnh thổ.
  • Example: Nations often emphasize territorial integrity and resist attempts by foreign powers to encroach upon their borders.

19, Independence /ˌɪn.dɪˈpen.dəns/ (noun)

  • Định nghĩa: freedom from being governed or ruled by another country
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: độc lập
  • Ví dụ: Mexico gained its independence from Spain in 1821.

20, Social classes /ˈsəʊ.ʃəl /klɑːsiz/ (noun phrase)

  • Definition: divisions of a society based on factors like wealth, education, occupation, and social status.
  • Meaning in Vietnamese: các giai cấp trong xã hội.
  • Example: The social classes in the ancient civilization were divided into nobility, merchants, and peasants.

21, Royalty /ˈrɔɪ.əl.ti/ (noun)

  • Định nghĩa: the people who belong to the family of a king and queen
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: những người trong hoàng gia, hoàng tộc
  • Ví dụ: She believes she’s related to royalty.

22, Landlord /ˈlænd.lɔːd/ (noun)

  • Định nghĩa: a person or organization that owns a building or an area of land and is paid by other people for the use of it
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: địa chủ
  • Ví dụ: The landlord had promised to redecorate the bedrooms before we moved in.

23, Historical figure /hɪˈstɒr.ɪ.kəl ˈfɪɡ.ər/ (noun phrase)

  • Definition: a person who played a significant role in history and is remembered for their actions or contributions.
  • Meaning in Vietnamese: một nhân vật lịch sử nổi tiếng, có tầm ảnh hưởng lớn.
  • Example: President Ho Chi Minh is a notable historical figure known for his leadership in the civil rights movement.

24, Slave /sleɪv/ (noun)

  • Định nghĩa: a person who is legally owned by someone else and has to work for that person
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: nô lệ
  • Ví dụ: Black slaves used to work on the cotton plantations of the southern United States.

25, To enslave /ɪnˈsleɪv/ (verb)

  • Định nghĩa: to make a slave of someone
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: bắt ai đó làm nô lệ
  • Ví dụ: The early settlers enslaved or killed much of the native population.

26, Peasant /ˈpez.ənt/ (noun)

  • Định nghĩa: a person who owns or rents a small piece of land and grows crops, keeps animals, etc. on it, especially one who has a low income, very little education, and a low social position.
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: nông dân, nông nô
  • Ví dụ: Tons of internationally donated food was distributed to the starving peasants.

27, Rebellion /rɪˈbel.i.ən/ [n] = Uprising /ˈʌpˌraɪ.zɪŋ/ (noun)

  • Định nghĩa: violent action organized by a group of people who are trying to change the political system in their country
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: 1 cuộc nổi loạn chống chính quyền (mang nghĩa trung lập)
  • Ví dụ: The government has brutally crushed the rebellion.

28, Liberty /ˈlɪb.ə.ti/ = Freedom (noun)

  • Định nghĩa: the freedom to live as you wish or go where you want
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: sự tự do
  • Ví dụ: For most citizens, liberty means the freedom to practise their religious or political beliefs.

29, To revolt /rɪˈvəʊlt/ (verb)

  • Định nghĩa: If a large number of people revolt, they refuse to be controlled or ruled, and take action against authority, often violent action
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: nổi dậy giành chính quyền chống lại sự áp bức (thường mang nghĩa tích cực)
  • Ví dụ: The people revolted against foreign rule and established their own government.

30, Milestone /ˈmaɪl.stəʊn/ (noun)

  • Định nghĩa: an important event in the development or history of something or in someone’s life
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: 1 cột mốc đáng nhớ, 1 mốc son chói lọi trong lịch sử
  • Ví dụ:  They described the discovery as ‘a milestone in medical research’.

31, To sacrifice /ˈsæk.rɪ.faɪs/ (verb)

  • Định nghĩa: to give up something that is valuable to you in order to help another person
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: hy sinh
  • Ví dụ: Many women sacrifice interesting careers for their families.

32, Prominent leader (noun phrase)

  • Definition: a well-known and influential person who holds a leadership position and has a significant impact on a group, organization, or country.
  • Meaning in Vietnamese: lãnh tụ kiệt xuất.
  • Example: Nelson Mandela was a prominent leader in the fight against apartheid and for equality in South Africa.

33, Patriotism  /ˈpæt.ri.ə.tɪ.zəm/ (noun)

  • Định nghĩa: the feeling of loving your country more than any others and being proud of it
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: lòng yêu nước
  • Ví dụ: Patriotism acted as a mediating force between these two extremes.

34, Historical site (noun phrase)

  • Định nghĩa: an official location where pieces of political, military, cultural, or social history have been preserved due to their cultural heritage value.
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: di tích lịch sử 
  • Ví dụ: The Pyramids of Giza are a historical site that attracts millions of tourists every year.

35, To emancipate  /iˈmæn.sɪ.peɪt/ (verb)

  • Định nghĩa: to give people social or political freedom and rights
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: giải phóng
  • Ví dụ: Every important turn in human history has always been accompanied by a movement of emancipating the mind.

36, To overthrow /ˌoʊ.vɚˈθroʊ/ (verb)

  • Định nghĩa: to defeat or remove someone from power, using force
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: lật đổ
  • Ví dụ: He said that Allende’s government in Chile was overthrown by the army and the CIA in 1973.

37, To vanquish  /ˈvæŋ.kwɪʃ/ (verb)

  • Định nghĩa: to defeat an enemy or opponent, especially in war
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: đánh bại
  • Ví dụ: The vanquished army surrendered their weapons.

Gợi ý sách liên quan

Từ vựng chất và ý tưởng hay theo chủ đề cho bài thi IELTS Speaking


Với các vấn đề còn lại, hãy tham khảo cuốn sách này được biên soạn bởi đội ngũ IELTS Thanh Loan để không bao giờ bí ý, bí từ khi luyện tập và thực hiện bài thi IELTS Speaking.


Lợi ích của việc học lịch sử

1, To develop one’s patriotism (verb phrase)

  • Definition: nurturing a strong sense of love, loyalty, and devotion to one’s country.
  • Meaning in Vietnamese: nuôi dưỡng lòng ái quốc.
  • Example: Schools play a crucial role in helping students develop their patriotism through activities that promote national pride and awareness.

2, To take pride in the origin (verb phrase)

  • Definition: feeling a sense of satisfaction and honor about one’s heritage or place of origin.
  • Meaning in Vietnamese: tự hào về nguồn gốc.
  • Example: She always takes pride in her cultural heritage and often shares stories about her family’s ancestral origins.

3, To learn from mistakes (verb phrase)

  • Definition: gaining knowledge and insights from past errors or failures to avoid making the same mistakes in the future.
  • Meaning in Vietnamese: học từ sai lầm.
  • Example: History teaches us that societies should learn from their mistakes to prevent repeating tragic events.

4, Invaluable lessons (noun phrase)

  • Definition: extremely valuable and important teachings or insights that are beyond measure.
  • Meaning in Vietnamese: những bài học vô giá.
  • Example: The hardships endured by past generations provide invaluable lessons that guide us in facing challenges today.

5, To pay tribute to (sb) (verb phrase)

  • Definition: to honor and show respect to someone, often in a formal or ceremonial manner.
  • Meaning in Vietnamese: tưởng nhớ.
  • Example: Every year, people gather to pay tribute to fallen soldiers who sacrificed their lives for the country.

6, To preserve valuable tradition (verb phrase)

  • Definition: to protect and maintain important cultural practices or customs from generation to generation.
  • Meaning in Vietnamese: bảo tồn các truyền thống quý báu.
  • Example: Efforts to preserve valuable traditions ensure that the cultural heritage remains alive and meaningful.

7, To honor historical figures (verb phrase)

  • Definition: to show respect and admiration for individuals who have made significant contributions to history.
  • Meaning in Vietnamese: tôn vinh những nhân vật lịch sử.
  • Example: The museum’s exhibit aims to honor historical figures who played pivotal roles in shaping the nation’s identity.

8, To have thorough insight into something (verb phrase)

  • Definition: possessing a deep and comprehensive understanding of a particular subject or matter.
  • Meaning in Vietnamese: có kiến thức sâu rộng về thứ gì đó.
  • Example: Historians have a thorough insight into the social, economic, and cultural factors that shaped historical events.

8, To defend their land against outside intruders (verb phrase)

  • Definition: protecting their country’s territory from foreign invaders.
  • Meaning in Vietnamese: bảo vệ tổ quốc khỏi giặc ngoại xâm.
  • Example: Throughout history, nations have come together to defend their land against outside intruders seeking to take control.

10, To be equipped with relevant knowledge of history (verb phrase)

  • Definition: having the necessary and appropriate knowledge about historical events and developments.
  • Meaning in Vietnamese: trang bị những kiến thức liên quan đến lịch sử.
  • Example: A well-rounded education ensures that students are equipped with relevant knowledge of history to understand the world better.

11, Traditional values and identity (noun phrase)

  • Definition: core beliefs, customs, and characteristics that define a culture and its people over time.
  • Meaning in Vietnamese: các giá trị và bản sắc truyền thống.
  • Example: Embracing traditional values and identity helps societies maintain their uniqueness in the face of globalization.

12, Well-rounded perspective of life (noun phrase)

  • Definition: a comprehensive and balanced understanding of various aspects of life, allowing for a broader and more holistic view.
  • Meaning in Vietnamese: cái nhìn toàn diện về cuộc sống.
  • Example: Acquiring knowledge about the world’s past events equips students with a more well-rounded perspective of life

13, To develop profound insight into the national culture (verb phrase)

  • Definition: cultivating a deep and comprehensive understanding of the cultural aspects and heritage of one’s nation.
  • Meaning in Vietnamese: có cái nhìn sâu sắc về văn hóa dân tộc.
  • Example: Traveling and studying the history and traditions of one’s country can help individuals develop profound insight into the national culture.

14, To uphold the nation’s traditional undauntedness in struggle (verb phrase)

  • Definition: to maintain and promote the historical and unwavering courage of a nation in times of hardship or resistance.
  • Meaning in Vietnamese: phát huy truyền thống đấu tranh bất khuất của dân tộc.
  • Example: The celebration aimed to uphold the nation’s traditional undauntedness in struggle and commemorate the bravery of its heroes.

15, To depict the mistakes made in the past (verb phrase)

  • Definition: to portray or illustrate the errors and wrongdoings that occurred in previous times.
  • Meaning in Vietnamese: tái hiện lại những sai lầm trong quá khứ.
  • Example: Historical documentaries often depict the mistakes made in the past to provide insights into the lessons that can be learned from them.

Những lý do phản đối việc học lịch sử 

1, To bring no relevant values to the present or future (verb phrase)

  • Definition: not contributing any significant or meaningful benefits or advantages to the current time or future circumstances.
  • Meaning in Vietnamese: không mang lại giá trị liên quan cho hiện tại hoặc tương lai.
  • Example: Outdated technologies from the past may bring no relevant values to the present or future advancements in the industry.

2, No guarantee of the accuracy of information obtained (noun phrase)

  • Definition: there is no assurance or certainty that the information acquired is correct or precise.
  • Meaning in Vietnamese: không có sự chắc chắn về tính chính xác của thông tin được thu thập.
  • Example: While the internet provides a vast amount of information, there is often no guarantee of the accuracy of information obtained from unverified sources.

Gợi ý sách liên quan

Từ vựng chất và ý tưởng hay theo chủ đề cho bài thi IELTS Writing


Với các chủ đề nhỏ còn lại, hãy tham khảo cuốn sách này được biên soạn bởi đội ngũ IELTS Thanh Loan để không bao giờ bí ý, bí từ khi viết bài.


Thành ngữ chủ đề History 

1, The good old days a past  

  • Định nghĩa: a time that one believes was better, simpler, or more wholesome than the current period.
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: thời quá khứ tươi đẹp
  • Ví dụ: Ah, those were the good old days. Did you know I was captain of the football team back then?

2, To follow in one’s footsteps 

  • Định nghĩa: to do the same thing as someone else did previously 
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: noi gương, làm theo ai đó
  • Ví dụ: She followed in her mother’s footsteps, starting her own business.

3, Behind the times 

  • Định nghĩa: If someone or something is behind the times, they are old-fashioned.
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: cổ lỗ, cũ rích hoặc lạc hậu
  • Ví dụ: The robot is a century behind the times.

4, A thing of the past 

  • Định nghĩa: something that no longer happens
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: lỗi thời, cũ rích, không còn tồn tại
  • Ví dụ: Giving up your seat to an older person seems to be a thing of the past.

5, To go down in history

  • Định nghĩa: to be remembered and recorded in historical records due to a significant achievement or event.
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: đi vào lịch sử
  • Ví dụ: The first moon landing by Apollo 11 astronauts in 1969 went down in history as a monumental achievement for humanity

6, To hark back to something 

  • Định nghĩa:  to return to or remember (something in the past)
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: bắt nguồn từ cái gì đó của quá khứ
  • Ví dụ: He always harks back to the good old days of his youth.

7, In this day and age

  • Định nghĩa: at the present time; in the modern era.
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: trong thời điểm hiện tại hoặc trong thời kỳ hiện đại
  • Ví dụ: You can’t afford to run businesses inefficiently in this day and age.

8, The rest is history 

  • Định nghĩa: everything that happened since then is well known
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: phần còn lại thì ai cũng biết
  • Ví dụ: The Beatles had their first hit record in 1962 and the rest is history.

9, Through thick and thin 

  • Định nghĩa: through good and bad times 
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: đi qua cả lúc thuận lợi và lúc khó khăn
  • Ví dụ: My brother has stuck with me through thick and thin.

10, To turn back the hands of time 

  • Định nghĩa: return to a time or era from the past
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: trở về quá khứ
  • Ví dụ: Sometimes I wish I could turn back the hands of time and make different choices.

Trên đây là những từ vựng về chủ đề History mà IELTS Thanh Loan đã giúp bạn tổng hợp, kèm ví dụ. Chúc các bạn luyện tập thật tốt và đạt được band điểm mong muốn!

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