Từ vựng IELTS Writing & Speaking chủ đề HEALTH

Tiếp nối chuỗi series từ vựng theo hơn 30 chủ đề quen thuộc nhất trong IELTS Writing & Speaking.  Hôm nay IELTS Thanh Loan sẽ giới thiệu với các bạn từ vựng tiếng Anh về chủ đề Healthy lifestyle & fitness. Chúng ta bắt đầu học thôi nào !

Từ vựng chỉ thói quen tốt cho sức khỏe – Healthy lifestyle 

Lưu ý:
  • Với những danh từ (noun), động từ (verb) …. được chia sẻ trong bài viết này, bạn hoàn toàn có thể sử dụng trong cả Writing và Speaking 
  • Tuy nhiên, với những từ vựng mà mình lưu ý là thành ngữ (idiom) hoặc là từ vựng không trang trọng (informal) thì bạn chỉ sử dụng trong IELTS Speaking thôi nhé

1, to lead a healthy lifestyle (verb phrase)

  • Định nghĩa: to live healthily
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: có lối sống lành mạnh
  • Ví dụ: He went on to found Atlas professional, an organisation that helps people lead a healthy lifestyle.

2, to maintain a balanced diet (verb phrase)

  • Định nghĩa: eating a wide variety of foods in the right proportions, and consuming the right amount of food
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: duy trì chế độ ăn lành mạnh
  • Ví dụ: If you have a balanced diet, you are getting all the vitamins you need.

3, organic food (noun phrase)

  • Định nghĩa:  foods and drinks produced by methods complying with the standards of organic farming.
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: thực phẩm hữu cơ
  • Ví dụ: Apart from the most commonly purchased organic foods such as fruits, vegetables, grains, dairy products and meat, there are many processed organic products

4, intense workout ~ vigorous exercise (noun phrase)

  • Định nghĩa:  one during which you’re constantly moving, pushing as hard as you can
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: tập thể dục cường độ cao
  • Ví dụ: Aerobic capacity refers to the maximum amount of oxygen consumed by the body during intense exercises, in a given time frame.

5, to stay hydrated (verb phrase)

  • Định nghĩa: drink enough water, so you don’t get thirsty.
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: uống đủ nước
  • Ví dụ: Mixing honey with tea is a great way to stay hydrated and your flu symptoms.

6, to eat fresh fruits and vegetables (verb phrase)

  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: ăn trái cây và rau củ tươi
  • Ví dụ: To maintain a healthy lifestyle, I regularly eat fresh fruits and vegetables to provide my body with essential nutrients. 

7, to limit sugar intake (verb phrase)

  • Định nghĩa:  reducing the amount of added sugars consumed in one’s diet
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: hạn chế lượng đường vào cơ thể
  • Ví dụ: The doctor advised me to limit my daily sugar intake to protect my teeth and overall health.

8, a balanced diet (noun phrase)

  • Định nghĩa: a dietary pattern that includes a variety of foods from different food groups in appropriate proportions
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: chế độ ăn uống cân bằng, điều độ
  • Ví dụ: If you have a balanced diet, you are getting all the vitamins you need.

9, to engage in sports (verb phrase)

  • Định nghĩa: participating in various physical activities, games, or competitions
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: tham gia hoạt động thể thao
  • Ví dụ: I regularly engage in sports like soccer and swimming to maintain my fitness and boost my spirits.

10, to hit the gym (verb phrase)

  • Định nghĩa: go to the gym
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: đến phòng tập
  • Ví dụ: I am really out of shape. I need to hit the gym soon.

11, to reduce one’s stress levels (verb phrase)

  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: giảm bớt mức độ căng thẳng
  • Ví dụ: Every day, I focus on practicing yoga and meditation to reduce my stress levels and improve my mood

12, to build up resistance to disease (verb phrase)

  • Định nghĩa: process of strengthening the body’s immune system and natural defenses in order to better fend off infections and illnesses. This can be achieved through various means such as vaccination, a healthy li
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: tăng cường sức đề kháng, chống lại bệnh tật
  • Ví dụ: Maintaining a balanced diet and regular exercise can help build up strong resistance to diseases to cope with potential health risks

13, to go on a diet (verb phrase)

  • Định nghĩa: eating less food or only particular kinds of food in order to lose weight.
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: áp dụng chế độ ăn kiêng
  • Ví dụ: I’m going on a diet next week and hope to lose ten pounds before Christmas.

14, to make a full recovery (verb phrase)

  • Định nghĩa: If a sick person makes a recovery , he or she becomes well again
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: bình phục hoàn toàn
  • Ví dụ: The most obvious and widely applied approach is to study patients who have made a full recovery of a lost function.

15, health-conscious /helθ ˈkɒn.ʃəs/ (adjective)

  • Định nghĩa: concerned about how healthy one’s diet and lifestyle are.
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: quan tâm đến sức khoẻ
  • Ví dụ: Consumers have become more health-conscious

16, to have regular check-ups /ˈreɡ.jə.lər ˈtʃek.ʌp/ (verb phrase)

  • Định nghĩa: a number of physical and mental checks, making sure that your body and mind are fit and fine
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: đi khám định kỳ
  • Ví dụ: She goes to her doctor for having regular check-ups

17, to stay off junk food (verb phrase)

  • Định nghĩa: avoid consuming foods that are high in calories, low in nutritional value, and often considered unhealthy 
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: tránh xa đồ ăn vặt
  • Ví dụ: To maintain a healthy lifestyle, I’ve decided to stay off junk food like sugary and fatty snacks.

Từ vựng chỉ những thói quen không tốt – Unhealthy habits 

1, to take drugs (verb phrase)

  • Định nghĩa: use illegal drugs
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: sử dụng ma tuý
  • Ví dụ: The government has implemented various campaigns to raise awareness about the dangers of taking drugs.

2, binge drinking (noun) /ˈbɪndʒ ˌdrɪŋ.kɪŋ/ 

  • Định nghĩa: consuming a large amount of alcohol in a short period of time.
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: uống nhiều rượu
  • Ví dụ: He had a hangover because he engaged in binge drinking last night.

3, alcohol addiction = alcoholism /ˈæl.kə.hɒl.ɪ.zəm/ (noun) 

  • Định nghĩa: the condition of being an alcoholic
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: chứng nghiện rượu
  • Ví dụ: Alcoholism cost me my job, my health, and finally my family.

4, to lead a sedentary/ inactive lifestyle (verb phrase)

  • Định nghĩa: when someone spends six or more hours per day sitting or lying down, and they lack significant physical movement in their daily life.
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: sống thiếu vận động
  • Ví dụ: With office jobs and time spent on online activities, many people are increasingly prone to leading a sedentary lifestyle, which can be detrimental to their health.

5, excessive consumption of ST = overeating S /ˌəʊ.vərˈiː.tɪŋ/ (noun)

  • Định nghĩa: the action of eating more food than your body needs, especially so that you feel uncomfortably full
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: ăn quá nhiều
  • Ví dụ: Amongst the group, overeating is common, and no one exercises regularly.

6, eating disorder /ˈiː.tɪŋ dɪˌsɔː.dər/ (noun)

  • Định nghĩa: a mental disorder defined by abnormal eating behaviors that negatively affect a person’s physical or mental health. 
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: rối loạn tiêu hóa
  • Ví dụ: Eating disorders like anorexia nervosa and bulimia can cause serious harm to the mental and physical health of those affected.

7, narcotic /nɑːˈkɒt.ɪk/ (noun)

  • Định nghĩa: an illegal drug such as heroin or cocaine
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: chất gây nghiện bị cấm
  • Ví dụ: He faces three years in jail for selling narcotics.

8, processed foods (noun)

  • Định nghĩa: any food that has been altered in some way during preparation.
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: thực phẩm chế biến sẵn 
  • Ví dụ: A busy lifestyle often leads many people to rely on processed foods, but consuming too many of these foods can be harmful to their health.

9, chronic disease /ˈkrɒn.ɪk dɪˈziːz/ (noun)

  • Định nghĩa:  a health condition or disease that is persistent or otherwise long-lasting in its effects or a disease that comes with time.
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: bệnh mãn tính 
  • Ví dụ: Chronic diseases like diabetes and cardiovascular disease often require continuous monitoring and treatment to manage the health condition of the affected individuals.

10, highly addictive ingredients (noun phrase)

  • Định nghĩa:  substances commonly used in products, such as foods or drugs, that have a strong potential to create a physical or psychological dependence.
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: các thành chất gây nghiện cao
  • Ví dụ: Food products containing highly addictive ingredients like sugar and salt can lead to excessive consumption and harm health.

11, drug abuse

  • Định nghĩa: using drugs in a way that harms the body and mind. 
  • Nghĩa tiếng Việt: lạm dụng thuốc 
  • Ví dụ: He was sent to rehab due to his history of drug abuse.

12, poor dental hygiene

  • Định nghĩa: failure to maintain proper dental care, such as brushing and flossing regularly. 
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: việc không duy trì vệ sinh răng miệng đúng cách
  • Ví dụ: Poor dental hygiene can lead to cavities and gum disease.

Từ vựng chỉ giải pháp cho các vấn đề về sức khỏe – Solutions to health problems 

1, prevention is better than cure (idiom)

  • Định nghĩa: It is better to stop something bad from happening than it is to deal with it after it has happened.
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: phòng bệnh hơn chữa bệnh
  • Ví dụ: I believe that prevention is better than cure, and so we have to focus our energy in order to be ready for every eventuality.

2, to upgrade medical competency (verb phrase)

  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: nâng cao khả năng chuyên môn trong lĩnh vực y tế
  • Ví dụ: Doctors often participate in training programs and continuous education to upgrade their medical competency and better adapt to new advancements in the field.

3, to reduce personal financial stress (verb phrase)

  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: giảm căng thẳng tài chính cá nhân
  • Ví dụ: I’ve developed a thoughtful financial plan to reduce personal financial stress and create a stable future for myself and my family.

4, to reduce meat intake (verb phrase)

  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: giảm lượng thịt tiêu thụ
  • Ví dụ: I decided to reduce my meat intake and include more plant-based foods in my meals for better health and to reduce my carbon footprint.

5, to have meat-free diet ~ to become vegetarians (verb phrase)

  • Định nghĩa: Do not eat meat or fish 
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: ăn chay
  • Ví dụ: After learning about the ethical treatment of animals, they decided to become vegetarians and avoid consuming any form of meat.

6, to have public health campaigns (verb phrase)

  • Định nghĩa: organize and promote efforts aimed at raising awareness and encouraging behaviors that contribute to public health and well-being.
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: tiến hành các chiến dịch về sức khỏe cộng đồng
  • Ví dụ: The government launched public health campaigns to educate the public about the importance of regular exercise and healthy eating habits.

7, to have an optimistic mindset (verb phrase)

  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: lạc quan
  • Ví dụ: Even in difficult times, maintaining an optimistic mindset can help us find solutions and approach challenges with a positive attitude.

8, to speed up metabolism (verb phrase)

  • Định nghĩa: the process of increasing the rate at which the body converts food and nutrients into energy.
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: tăng cường quá trình trao đổi chất
  • Ví dụ: To maintain weight and improve health, I have started making changes to my diet and exercise routine to speed up my body’s metabolism.

9, to alleviate (the) pain/symptoms (verb phrase)

  • Định nghĩa: reduce or lessen the severity of pain or symptoms associated with a particular condition.
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: giảm đau, giảm triệu chứng
  • Ví dụ: Taking over-the-counter pain relievers can help alleviate the pain caused by a headache.

10, to raise public awareness (verb phrase)

  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: nâng cao ý thức cộng đồng
  • Ví dụ: The environmental organization launched a campaign to raise public awareness about the importance of reducing plastic waste.

Từ vựng liên quan đến dịch vụ hay hệ thống chăm sóc sức khỏe – Healthcare system/ service 

1, hospital fee (noun)

  • Định nghĩa: the amount of money charged for medical services, treatments, and facilities provided by a hospital.
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: viện phí, phí bệnh viện
  • Ví dụ: “After receiving medical care, the patient was given an invoice detailing the hospital fee for the services provided.

2, early diagnosis (noun)

  • Định nghĩa: the identification of a disease or condition in its initial stages, allowing for timely treatment and better chances of recovery.
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: chuẩn đoán sớm
  • Ví dụ: Early diagnosis of cancer greatly increases the likelihood of successful treatment and improved outcomes.

3, treatment/ cure /ˈtriːt.mənt/ (noun)

  • Định nghĩa: the use of drugs, exercises, etc. to cure a person of an illness or injury
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: sự điều trị
  • Ví dụ: Perhaps it’s time to try a new course of treatment.

4, prescription /prɪˈskrɪp.ʃən/ (noun)

  • Định nghĩa: a piece of paper on which a doctor writes the details of the medicine or drugs that someone needs
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: đơn thuốc
  • Ví dụ: These drugs are only available on prescription

5, curable /ˈkjʊə.rə.bəl/ ><  incurable (adjective)

  • Định nghĩa: able to be treated in such a way that it will go away and the person who had it can become well again >< not able to be cured
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: cứu chữa được >< không thể cứu chữa
  • Ví dụ: Parkinson’s disease is a debilitating and incurable disease of the nervous system.

6, the ratio of doctors to patients 

  • Định nghĩa: the numerical relationship between the number of doctors available to provide medical care and the number of patients seeking medical attention.
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: tỷ lệ bác sĩ so với bệnh nhân
  • Ví dụ: In rural areas, the ratio of doctors to patients can be quite low, resulting in limited access to medical care.

Thành ngữ hay về chủ đề sức khỏe – Idioms about health 

1, under the weather (idiom)

  • Định nghĩa: If someone is or feels under the weather, they feel ill
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: cảm thấy không khỏe
  • Ví dụ: I’m feeling a bit under the weather – I think I’m getting a cold.

2, as fit as a fiddle (idiom)

  • Định nghĩa: to be very healthy and strong
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: khoẻ mạnh
  • Ví dụ: My grandmother’s 89, but she’s as fit as a fiddle.

3, off colour /ˌɒfˈkʌl.ər/  (idiom)

  • Định nghĩa: slightly sick
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: ốm
  • Ví dụ: I’m feeling a little off-color today.

4, clean bills of health (idiom)

  • Định nghĩa: a declaration or confirmation that someone is healthy or that something is in good condition.
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: giấy chứng nhận tình trạng sức khỏe tốt 
  • Ví dụ: Of 30 countries inspected for airline safety, only 17 received a clean bill of health.

5, a stitch in time saves nine /ə stɪtʃ ɪn taɪm seɪvz naɪn/  (idiom)

  • Định nghĩa: said to mean that it is better to act or deal with problems immediately, because if you wait and deal with them later, things will get worse and the problems will take longer to deal with
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: nếu bạn làm ngay việc gì, thì đỡ mất công sức hơn rất nhiều về sau
  • Ví dụ: A stitch in time saves nine, so you should eat healthy food every day.

6, an apple a day keeps the doctor away /æn ˈæpl ə deɪ kiːps ði dɑːktə ˈeweɪ/  (idiom)

  • Định nghĩa: this means that eating an apple each day can help to keep you healthy.
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: ăn một quả táo mỗi ngày sẽ giúp bạn khỏe mạnh 
  • Ví dụ: My dad told me, “An apple a day keeps the doctor away”

7, back on your feet (idiom)

  • Định nghĩa: healthy again
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: khỏe mạnh trở lại sau một thời gian bị thương hoặc bị bệnh  
  • Ví dụ: It took my uncle a while to get over the effects of his fall but he’s back on his feet again now.

8, to be on the mend (idiom)

  • Định nghĩa: to be getting better after an illness or injury
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: phục hồi sau khi khỏi ốm
  • Ví dụ: I suffered from depression after my friend was killed in an accident 2 years ago, but I’m on the mend now and beginning to enjoy life again.

9, to feel washed out (idiom)

  • Định nghĩa: completely lacking in energy
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: không có nhiều năng lượng sau khi bị bệnh. 
  • Ví dụ: I’m much better than I was but I’m still feeling washed out.

10, to have a sweet tooth (idiom)

  • Định nghĩa: If you have a sweet tooth, you like eating sweet foods, especially sweets and chocolate
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: thích ăn ngọt
  • Ví dụ: I have a sweet tooth – I can’t say no to cookies.

11, frog in one’s throat (idiom)

  • Định nghĩa: difficulty speaking because your throat feels dry
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: bị đau cổ, cảm thấy không nói được.
  • Ví dụ:  I had a frog in my throat, and I had to clear my throat several times before I could answer.

12, as blind as a bat (idiom)

  • Định nghĩa: unable to see well
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: mắt kém.
  • Ví dụ: I’m as blind as a bat without my glasses.

13, full of beans (idiom)

  • Định nghĩa: lively; in high spirits.
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: cực kỳ khỏe mạnh, tràn đầy năng lượng.
  • Ví dụ: She was laughing and shouting and generally full of beans

14, look/feel like death warmed up (idiom)

  • Định nghĩa: to look or feel very ill
  • Nghĩa Tiếng Việt: rất ốm yếu.
  • Ví dụ: He shouldn’t be working when he’s so ill – he looks like death warmed up!

Như vậy qua bài viết này IELTS Thanh Loan đã giúp bạn tìm hiểu về các từ vựng chủ đề Healthy lifestyle & fitness rồi đúng không nào! Đừng quên ghi chép lại và ôn tập mỗi ngày, và đọc thêm các bài viết về ứng dụng của từ vựng này trong các bài Writing Speaking mẫu cho chủ đề health bạn nhé. 

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